When the early colonists arrived and began building Adelaide they used stone. They wanted to build a solid, dignified city, a civilized and calm place, with a manner no other state capital in Australia could match.
Scratch the surface of the quiet achiever of Australian cities and you'll tap into its hedonistic vein. This city celebrates the cultural, artistic, gastronomic and sporting. During the Adelaide Fringe Festival, the artistic flair of this progressive, yet still conservative city, truly emerges.
From the Lonely Planet travel guide.
Adelaide is located north of the Fleurieu Peninsula, on the Adelaide Plains between the Gulf St Vincent and the low-lying Mount Lofty Ranges. The city stretches 20 km from the coast to the foothills, and 90 km from Gawler at its northern extent to Sellicks Beach in the south.
According to the Australian Bureau of Statistics, the Adelaide Metropolitan Region has a total land area of 870 km². Mount Lofty is located east of the Adelaide metropolitan region in the Adelaide Hills at an elevation of 727 metres.
The population of greater Adelaide is approximately 1.20 million people.